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Elk Island National Park
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Elk Island National Park

Fast Facts

Estimated mammal populations indicated

 

Elk Park was first established as a game sanctuary in July 1906, then as a Dominion Park on March 13, 1913 (later becoming a National Park in 1930 with the establishment of the National Parks Act).

 

Wood Bison ~ 300

 

Canadian Beaver ~1000

Elk Island National Park is Canada's only entirely fenced national park.

Annual visitation to the Park is approximately 200,000 people per year, with the majority of those visitors being Canadians of whom more than half are Albertans.

 

HawkOwl

 

Coyote ~ 100

Elk Island is 194 square kilometres (75 square miles) and is divided by Highway 16 (TransCanada Yellowhead Highway).

The Park protects the Southern Boreal Plains and Plateaux Natural Region - a transitional zone between the aspen parkland to the south and the boreal forest to the north.

 

Moose ~ 400

 

Elk ~ 950

The variety of habitat and extensive wetland area provides a wonderful opportunity to view 253 species of birds (137 breeding species), in particular waterfowl.

The Park plays an important role in the reestablishment of threatened species such as the trumpeter swan and wood bison.

 

White Tail Deer ~ 400

 

Plains Bison ~ 470

Elk Island National Park is knob and kettle topography rising thirty to sixty metres above the surrounding plains of Alberta.

Temperatures: Mean minimum daily temperature for December (coldest month) is -16C / 3F, mean maximum for July (warmest month) is +22C / 73F.

 

Canadian Lynx

 

Porcupine

 

There are 224 known aboriginal archeological sites identified in the Park.

Alberta's official bird ...

 

Great Horned Owl

 

 

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